In the early days of digital cable, the late 1990s, a set-top box cost a cable operator about $300. Since that time, the price of the components of a box have likely gone down quite a bit and the boxes have gained some capabilities (decoding HD, better graphics, new connectors like HDMI and, the big change, DVR capabilities). The price of cable modems has dropped from $400 in its early days to $54 (when I last checked this one at Amazon). I would imagine the digital cable box hasn't fallen, that much, but it sure has fallen.
On my system, Time Warner Cable New York City, any set-top box (whether SD or HD or DVR) rents for $10.00 per month or $120 per year (pricing schedule). To have digital cable on a second set ("digital program duplication") I pay an additional $4 per month, bringing the total to $168 annually.
From the standpoint of the primary set, OTT alternatives have a lot of shortcomings, notably the lack of the name brand cable channels and, without an antenna or a service like Aereo, the major broadcasters.
However, consumer expectations of service on the second set might not be as high.
- Option 1 is to pay $168 per year and enjoy the same service on the second set as the first.
- Option 2 is to pay $50 for a Roku box and use the second set to watch HBO Go (if your operator permits it), Netflix, Amazon Instant Video, Roku Newscaster and the like. While that's not everything, it might be plenty to kill time while on the treadmill or for a little entertainment before sleeping, for example. (This assumes that the household already has a broadband Internet connection and that that service is effectively unlimited). This amount drops to $0, if your second set is an Internet-connected set from Samsung, although Comcast does not want HBO Go on that either.
But the lack of a head-on threat does not mean that OTT is not a real threat to traditional multichannel offerings. The multichannel distribution players do recognize this -- TV Everywhere became a whole lot more important when Netflix demonstrated that part of the value of its service was that it was broadly available -- it wasn't that iPad viewing was that big a threat on its own.
That said, as the set-top box expense example demonstrates, there are lots of places for OTT video to worm its way into consumers' hearts, or, as Clayton M. Christensen puts it in The Innovator's Dilemma, find a protected foothold from which they can launch their attack on the main market.